Hormones play a huge role in how your body uses and stores energy. They can
- influence appetite
- control how quickly fat is burned
- and regulate how much fat is stored in the body
For example, higher levels of cortisol, the stress hormone, can lead to weight gain, while lower levels of leptin, a hormone that signals satiety, can increase appetite and cause overeating.
Alongside leptin is ghrelin. Both hormones play a major role in appetite control.
- Leptin is the hormone that sends signals to the brain to suppress hunger and reduce food intake,
- while ghrelin is the hormone that stimulates hunger and increases food intake
When leptin levels are high, it signals that you’re full and don’t need to eat more; when ghrelin levels are high, it signals that you’re hungry. These hormones work together to help regulate appetite, body weight, and energy balance.
Additionally, hormones like insulin can affect how your body responds to consuming carbohydrates, making it easier for your body to store fat.
Stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, lack of sleep, underlying medical conditions, and age and some of the factors that may lead to some kind of hormonal imbalance.